About Ayurveda > Ayurveda Dosha Theory
vathaTridosha Theory forms the heart of the Ayurveda Treatment. The word “Dosha” comes from a Sanskrit root “Dush” meaning the “Pollutant”. Doshas have the ability to pollute the in–vivo when their balance in the human body gets disturbed. In normal state, Doshas maintain our body health but cause diseases when the Doshas get imbalanced.

According to Ayurveda, a human being constitutes of the five maha bhutas plus jivatman (individual consciousness). The five maha bhutas form doshas (psycho-physical tendencies) that are derived by the union of different pairs of the five elements. These five elements – Prithvi (Earth)‚ Ap (water), Tejas (Fire)‚ Vayu(Air)‚ and Akash (Ether) — act as the building block of all matter while the doshas define the elements for their function inside the human body.

Doshas somewhat behave like gradients, which characterize the various stages and conditions of the body functions. Doshas are like the bubbles that appear to be associated with each other but actually work differently from each other. That’s why, Doshas are referred as three different gradients of the same working of the body.

The three doshas are:
Doshas
Characterstics

Vata
Vata is the energetic condition that controls destruction. Vata is analogue to wind. It is the principle of motion and is seated at the lower part of the large intestine.

Properties of Vata:

  • Dry
  • Light
  • Cold
  • Rough
  • Moving
  • Subtle Or Minute
Functions of Vata:

  • Controls Movements
  • Controls Breathing
  • Controls Natural Urges
  • Tissue Transformation
  • Motor functions
  • Sensory functions
  • Fear
  • Impulse
  • Anxiety

Pitta
Pitta is the warming condition that organizes body activities. The major seats of Pitta are Sweat and blood.

Properties of Pitta:

  • Slightly oily
  • Penetrating
  • Hot
  • Light
  • Unpleasant odour
  • Spreading nature
  • Liquid form
Functions of Pitta:

  • Helps digestion
  • Understanding
  • Intelligence
  • Hunger and Thirst
  • Perception
  • Colour and complexion
  • Anger
  • Hate and Jealous
  • Regulates body temperature.
  • Initiate metabolism and hormonal functioning.

Kapha
Kapha is the connecting condition and is responsible for the conservation of the creation. It also regulates Vata and Pita. Kapha – rain in nature – stimulates new growth.

Properties of Kapha:

  • Oily
  • Cold
  • Heavy
  • Slow acting
  • Slimy
  • Soft
  • Stable
Functions of Kapha:

  • Lubrication
  • Enthusiasm
  • Sexual urges
  • Forgiveness
  • Immune resistance
  • Attachment
  • Holding
  • Possessiveness
  • Knowledge
  • Greed
  • Accumulation
  • Development of the body
  • Gives stability and energy to the body

Balanced Tridosha Ensures Healthy Life
Every person has these three doshas – Vata, Pitta and Kapha. The proportion of doshas may vary in different individuals.
Usually one or two doshas predominate in an individual. These doshas continue to interact with each other and with the doshas persisting in the nature. This is the reason, people do not have much in common and display so many individual differences in the manner they behave and respond to the changes in the environment.
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